The question of how to handle Halloween – whether to participate, and if so, how – is one that is often discussed amongst Jewish parents as the holiday approaches. Reform Jewish tradition guides us to make decisions based on “informed choice.”
Here are some factoids to help us understand some of the inherent messages of Halloween:
- Halloween was originally a Catholic day of observance in honor of saints, adopted in the fifth century in Celtic Ireland as the official end of summer and the Celtic New Year.
- Trick-or-treating evolved from a combination of Irish Celtic custom and a ninth-century European custom called “souling.” Early Christians would walk from village to village begging for “soul cakes.” The more cakes they gathered the more prayers they would promise to say for the deceased relatives of those giving them cakes.
- The familiar Jack, from Jack-o-lantern, was a drunkard and trickster involved in a troublesome arrangement with Satan.
- American families spend millions of dollars each year purchasing costumes and candy and decorations in order to provide children with a fun-filled afternoon/evening.
Children under the age of 8 may have difficulty distinguishing between reality and fantasy. Having visual encounters with some gruesome masks, faceless or distorted creatures and the like may cause real, long-lasting fear in young children. It might be considered counterproductive to expose young children to such images. Therefore, it is a good idea be thoughtful when choosing costumes.
Here are a few suggestions for choosing what might work best for your family:
1. Call a family meeting and create together a four-column list of words or drawings: “What we like about Halloween,” “What we don’t like about Halloween,” “What is helpful to others about Halloween” and “What is potentially hurtful to others about Halloween.” Everybody in the family gets an equal number of opportunities to contribute to the chart. After sharing everybody’s ideas, make some decisions together about exactly how you will consciously decide to participate in this year’s events. Be creative and daring, knowing that it can be different from last year and can always be reconsidered next year.
2. As a family, list the amount of money you would usually spend on costumes, decorations and candy. Add up your estimates (there’s a math lesson in this activity, too!) and see how much Halloween will cost the family. Discuss alternatives for this year and brainstorm different ways of distributing that money.
3. Look for ways to participate without positively reinforcing the values entrenched in the rituals.
- Highlight the fun of opening the door at home and giving to others instead of taking from others.
- Contact a shelter and donate last year’s costumes to children who need one this year.
- Have a tzedakah (charity) box at the door and put in a coin for every visitor who rings the bell!
- Count the number of trick-or-treaters and for the total number of doorbell rings, purchase canned goods for the local shelter.
- Donate collected candy to a local hospital or shelter.
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